QA Process in Your Project – Guide in Develoment Company
Quality Assurance is one of the best things you can do for the project. It helps to find and eliminate mistakes before the launch and optimize the decision-making process. In this article, we are going to tell you about the QA methodology, stages, and Agile specifics.
What is QA?
Software QA engineering is a process that many customers underestimate. However, this stage is crucial if you want to avoid negative feedback from users. Software QA is nothing but testing the product and finding possible bugs and mistakes. To ensure proper quality assurance, you need to hire a QA team or at least a senior specialist. But even if you entrust the project to professionals, you might want to understand how the QA test is conducted and what stages it involves. And that is what we are going to discuss in this post.
Main approaches of QA methodology
Quality assurance methodology is a set of instruments and approaches that are used to test software or applications and ensure that it works properly. The methodology includes stages like unit testing, end-to-end evaluation, and other tools.
The main goal of the QA process is to make sure that the product can work in different environments and run smoothly on various platforms. In general, testing can be divided into two types of testing: functional and non-functional. During the first one, the product is tested to ensure that it meets different business goals. Functional approach may include:
- Unit testing
- System testing
- Acceptance testing
Non-functional QA testing concentrates on the operational sides of the app or software. For example, its usability, security, and compatibility. In order to succeed, the testing process should involve both types.
QA process stages in detail
The quality assurance process is rather complex and time-consuming. Before starting the QA test, the team should analyze the requirements and plan their future actions. Once the test is designed, the QA testing takes place. But that’s not all because regression and release testing should also be completed. To help you understand more about the process, let us discuss the software testing phases in more detail.
First, requirements analysis
Solid QA testing always starts with an analysis of the things that should be done. Did you know that you will have to pay 15 times higher to fix a problem than to prevent it? That is what the QA specialists are here for: on the first stage, they analyze software requirements and ensure that they are clear, testable, and complete.
In the next phase, QA specialists use the collected information and obtained knowledge to plan the test. This plan contains test strategy and testing goal, project deadlines and budget, suitable testing types, reporting procedures, and much more. This QA document is crucial and should be available for all team members.
Finally, it is the right time to conduct the software QA test. To achieve the best results, the examination is conducted manually and automatically. Manual engineers conduct tests and then enter bugs in a tracking system. Automation engineers utilize different frameworks (for example, Appium or Protractor) to find bugs and create reports.
When the QA team fixes the problems they have found, it is necessary to conduct regression testing and see whether the fixed defects don’t impact the overall functionality. In this QA testing stage, it is also important to check if the fixed software meets initial requirements.
When the team of engineers submits the release report containing fixed bugs, used features, and other important details, the QA team should conduct release testing. It is a set of measures that ensures that every part of the product runs smoothly. Only after checking all aspects, the quality assurance software is ready to be launched.
Another important step: QA process setup
Setting up the QA process is a rather responsible task and should be conducted either by a QA provider or a TCoE consultant. Below we want to share the main steps that are completed.
1. Audit of current QA processes
First of all, QA specialists evaluate the project: its quality, risks, management, and ongoing changes. They should analyze documentation and talk to key managers and team leads to detect possible problems on all levels. To structure the obtained information, consultants may use various quality assurance, maturity models.
2. Designing a new process
If during the previous stage consultants see that the current QA process should be changed, they should come up with solutions to find and eliminate the problem, re-design an existing process, and create a step-by-step plan of the further actions. In this plan, QA specialists indicate project’s specifics, metrics, and risk which may take place along the way. They should also assign responsibilities to all team members and offer them to conduct training to meet new project requirements.
3. Implementing the QA process
At this stage, the process is held according to the plan created during the second stage.
4. Monitoring the efficiency of conducted changes
To ensure that the changes meet the organization’s goals and solve the existing problems, QA specialists should regularly evaluate the process, as well as plan future changes and improvements.
How QA specifics in Agile looks like
If the project follows Agile methods, you should be aware of existing QA specifics. Remember that requirement changes add pressure on the team, and constant updates take the time that could potentially be spent on QA testing. To ensure that quality assurance in Agile remains effective, the following approaches should be used:
1. Test design should be adapted to Agile. In these projects, the size of exploratory testing increases, and cases are replaced by checklists.
2. Regression testing must be optimized. In Agile, the number of regression tests is increased, which results in more time spent on regression tests. In order to speed up the process, QA teams should combine different regression test types and prioritize the activities considering the risk levels of potential problems.
3. Test automation should be increased. One of the best ways to save time and boost the quality of testing is to automatize tests that don’t change from one iteration to another.
Tools Required for QA | Complete list
Any professional QA team should possess proper instruments to make sure that the testing process is smooth and that all the bugs and mistakes are going to be detected. And the first instrument is, of course, a real device. Devices that people utilize when using the product. But this doesn’t mean that the devices should be physical. Nowadays, there are cloud-based products that allow QA testing on thousands of devices and browsers at the same time. With their help, it is possible to reduce the expenditures and wait time.
Other useful instruments that boost quality assurance are:
- Google docs to store documentation and test data, and quickly send it across the team
- Jira to track bugs and assign projects to the team
- Appium to test applications automatically
- Cypress to test websites in an automated mode
- Zeplin to exchange documentation and visuals with designers
It is not easy to find a good quality assurance team, especially if you have never dealt with it before. But this stage is crucial and must be taken with seriousness by those who want to launch a product without any bugs. Only by eliminating the mistakes before launching the product is it possible to make a positive impression and gain the attention and love of the customers.